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Colon Health

What You Should Know

  • Colorectal cancer is 90 per cent curable if found early
  • Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in Ontario
  • Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths in Ontario

Colorectal Cancer Screening

The Colon Cancer Check program is an organized population based colorectal screening program. All Ontarians aged 50 and over qualify to be screened for colorectal cancer.

Are You at Risk?

Age and family history are two common risk factors for colorectal cancer. If you have a family member (parent, child, sibling) who has had colorectal cancer, you ar at greater risk and should have a colonoscopy.

If you are over 50 and do not have a family history of the disease, you should speak to your health care provider about screening for colorectal cancer using a simple take home Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT).

Types of Screening

  1. Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)

The FOBT is a simple test that can be done in the privacy of your own home. It tests for blood in your stool, which may be a sign of colorectal cancer. The FOBT kit is then mailes with a postage-paid addressed envelope for laboratory analysis.

It is recommended that anyone aged 50 and over who does not have a family history of colorectal cancer do an FOBT every two years.

  1. Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy involves inserting a long flexible tube through the rectum and extending it along the length of the colon. At the end of the tube is a small camera to help the specialist examine your colon and rectum, and remove polyps.

A colonoscopy is recommended for individuals at increased risk and for those who have a positive FOBT result.

How do I Participate in the Colon Cancer Check Program?

Talk to your family physician to determine your risk for colorectal cancer and the appropriate screening method for you.

Fax Referrals to: 905-472-7598

Oncology Clinical Trials

Read more about Oncology clinical trials at Markham Stouffville Hospital.